Facts About Glaucoma That You Surely Are Unaware Of

Facts About Glaucoma That You Surely Are Unaware Of

Glaucoma is a progressive optic nerve condition that may result in vision loss or blindness. The optic nerve is a bundle of more than one million nerve fibres that carry our visual information from the eye to the back of the brain where it is processed. There’s often no visual symptoms at the early stages of glaucoma. This has resulted in it being called the “silent sight thief.” Studies have shown that up to half the nerve tissue has to be damaged before changes in one’s vision are noted. Unfortunately, it is permanent once damage occurs. Early detection is thus critical to maintaining one’s vision. For early detection a dilated eye exam is critical.

Who Are At Risk Of Developing Glaucoma?

With age the risk of developing glaucoma increases. Everyone over 50 should have dilated eye exams every year to help detect early signs of glaucoma.

Having a glaucoma family history raises one’s chances of developing glaucoma. The highest risk is if he is a relative of the first degree such as a parent, sibling, or child.

Ethnicity can also act as a risk factor for glaucoma development. Those of African American, Hispanic, and Asian heritage are all at increased risk for glaucoma development.

Conditions such as vasospasm and hypotension are also linked with increased glaucoma risk. Diabetes and migraine are particular conditions that are thought to increase one’s risk of developing glaucoma.

Certain eye injuries can increase the risk of developing glaucoma. Long-term steroid therapy can also improve one’s chance of developing glaucoma.

Best Treatments To Cure Glaucoma

Diagnosing glaucoma early in the course of the disease allows for the most effective glaucoma treatment. Ultimately, glaucoma treatment, which involves lowering the pressure inside the eye, consists of either increasing fluid outflow from inside the eye, decreasing fluid production inside the eye, or a combination of both.

The most common initial medical treatment for glaucoma is the Careprost eye drops within the medication class of prostaglandin. These drops are dosed in the evening once a day, and work to increase fluid outflow from within the eye. Beta-blockers are a class of medication typically dosed once a day in the morning and work to reduce fluid production within the eye. Alpha agonists are another class of medication that is done two to three times a day, working both to decrease fluid production inside the eye and also to increase fluid drainage. Carbonic anhydrase inhibitors reduce fluid production inside the eye and are dosed two to three times a day.

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