Melasma – Definition, Causes, Symptoms, Treatment And Preventive Measures

Melasma – Definition, Causes, Symptoms, Treatment And Preventive Measures

Pregnancy is a beautiful phase of life and everyone enjoys that special time. But everything has a backlog and so does this. One of them is melasma. You might be imagining What is the cause of melasma? How does it occur? What are its treatments and preventive measures? Well, to answer all that let’s start with understanding what is melasma.

Definition

Melasma, also called Chloasma, is tan like dark skin discoloration that appears while pregnancy. The most common area where melasma occurs is on the bridge of the nose, forehead, cheeks and upper lip.

Causes

There is no specific and adequate reason why melasma occurs but it may be due to breakdown of the melanocytes (the color making cells) in the skin, causing them to yield too abundant color. People with darker skin tones are more likely to develop melasma, as they have more melanocytes than lighter skin individuals.

Dormant triggers may comprise:

  • Fluctuations in hormones during pregnancy.
  • Birth control medicines.
  • Exposure to sunlight.
  • Some skincare products.

Symptoms

The prime symptom of melasma is discolored spots of skin. A most common area of patch is face and sometimes arms and neck if exposed to the sun.

Treatments

Medicated creams

Dermatologists often recommend medicated creams to treat melasma. Some most effective medicated creams are hydroquinone, corticosteroids, Tretinoin and kojic acid cream. There are many medical shops from where you can get these creams or else you can buy skinlite cream online.

Combined  Topical Creams

In some cases, a dermatologist may prescribe a combined topical cream that is a combination of hydroquinone, corticosteroids, Tretinoin and kojic acid cream in one.

Medical Procedures

If creams do not work, a dermatologist may suggest medical procedures like:

  • Chemical peel
  • Dermabrasion
  • Laser treatment
  • Light therapy
  • Microdermabrasion

These treatments are effective for some and not for others. Melasma that happens due to hormonal changes may fade away over time, once hormonal levels return to normal.

Preventive Measures

You might have heard about that quote: “Prevention is better than cure”. That applies completely in this case because you cannot treat melasma permanently.

Below listed points are the maintenance therapy that can help you prevent melasma from coming in the first place and some common tactics will help you avoid them from coming back as well.

  • Use sunscreen regularly: One of the major factors of melasma is UV radiation. Apply sunscreen before going out anywhere. Also, choose a sunscreen with broad-spectrum protection of SPF 30 or above.
  • Gentle skin care: Some products can irritate the skin, especially during pregnancy, so use gentle and mild skin care products on the skin.

For more information about the skin care visit here.

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